It surprised me: My high school was ostentatiously secular. We had a steel statue on the front lawn depicting the triumph of mathematical logic. Our senior class president wore a giant calculator costume to football games. Some of them had been raised loosely Catholic, some had not. They blogged.
It was partly a bitter Denominations of catholic nuns, but partly a sincere Bellydance strip. He was dressed in all black and a tight clerical collar. Mary the Virgin Community of St. BBC News. Nowadays, many places in the United States want nuns who have had some sort of higher education. National Catholic Reporter. The Evangelical Sisterhood of Maryan order of Lutheran nuns, operates a guesthouse for Holocaust survivors in Jerusalem. But believe me, there is nothing Divine in any of this but only the human desire for power and control, that is, sin. If liberals are responsible for abortions in the U.
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A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery.
The terms "nun" and "sister" are often used interchangeably. However within Roman Catholicism, there is a difference between the two. Here's a simple summary of the differences. A Catholic nun is a woman who lives as a contemplative life in a monastery which is usually cloistered or enclosed or semi-cloistered. Her ministry and prayer life is centered within and around the monastery for the good of the world.
She professes the perpetual solemn vows living a life according to the evangelical counsels of poverty, celibacy, and obedience. A sister's life is often called "active" or "apostolic" because she is engaged in the works of mercy and other ministries that take the Gospel to others where they are. She professes perpetual simple vows living a life according to the evangelical counsels of poverty, celibacy, and obedience. Because both nuns and sisters belong to the church life form of Religious Life, they can also be called "women religious.
As you might have noticed, there is a difference in the type of vows, solemn vs. The chief juridical difference between the two is that religious who profess a solemn vow of poverty renounce ownership of all their temporal goods, whereas religious who profess a simple vow of poverty have a right to retain ownership of their patrimony an estate, endowment or anything inherited from one's parents or ancestors but must give up its use and any revenue.
In ordinary conversation, the terms "nun" and "sister" are used interchangeably. Both nuns and sisters are addressed as "Sister. No gift is too small. Please donate today! Thank You! View the discussion thread.
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Denominations of catholic nuns.
Behold, The Millennial Nuns | HuffPost Highline
A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery. In the Buddhist tradition, female monastics are known as Bhikkhuni , and take several additional vows compared to male monastics bhikkhus.
Within Christianity, women religious, known as nuns or religious sisters , are found in Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Anglican , and Lutheran traditions among others. Though the terms are often used interchangeably, nuns historically take solemn vows and live a life of prayer and contemplation in a monastery or convent , while sisters take simple vows  and live an active vocation of prayer and charitable works in areas such as education and healthcare.
Examples include the monastic Order of Saint Clare founded in in the Franciscan tradition, or the Missionaries of Charity founded in by Mother Teresa to care for people living in grave poverty. All Buddhist traditions have nuns, although their status is different among Buddhist countries.
The Buddha is reported to have allowed women into the sangha only with great reluctance, predicting that the move would lead to Buddhism's collapse after years, rather than the 1, years it would have enjoyed otherwise. This prophecy occurs only once in the Canon and is the only prophecy involving time in the Canon, leading some to suspect that it is a late addition.
The important vows are the same, however. As with monks, there is quite a lot of variation in nuns' dress and social conventions between Buddhist cultures in Asia. Chinese nuns possess the full bhikkuni ordination, Tibetan nuns do not. In Theravada countries it is generally believed that the full ordination lineage of bhikkunis died out, though in many places they wear the "saffron" colored robes, observing only ten precepts like novices.
In Thailand , a country which never had a tradition of fully ordained nuns bhikkhuni , there developed a separate order of non-ordained female renunciates called mae ji. However, some of them have played an important role in dhamma-practitioners' community. Chatsumarn Kabilsingh, established a controversial monastery for the training of Buddhist nuns in Thailand. The relatively active roles of Taiwanese nuns were noted by some studies. Researcher Charles Brewer Jones estimates that from to , when the Buddhist Association of the ROC organized public ordination, female applicants outnumbered males by about three to one.
He adds:. Gelongma ordination requires the presence of ten fully ordained people keeping exactly the same vows. Because ten nuns are required to ordain a new one, the effort to establish the Dharmaguptaka bhikkhu tradition has taken a long time. It is permissible for a Tibetan nun to receive bhikkhuni ordination from another living tradition, e. Based on this, Western nuns ordained in Tibetan tradition, like Thubten Chodron , took full ordination in another tradition.
The clothes of the nuns in Tibet are basically the same as those of monks, but there are differences between novice and gelong robes. Hokke-ji in was established by the consort of the Emperor. It took charge of provincial convents, performed ceremonies for the protection of the state, and became the site of pilgrimages.
Aristocratic Japanese women often became Buddhist nuns in the premodern period. Originally it was thought they could not gain salvation because of the Five Hindrances , which said women could not attain Buddhahood until they changed into men. However, in , 12 women received full ordination as priests.
In the Roman Catholic tradition, there are a large number of religious institutes of nuns and sisters the female equivalent of male monks or friars , each with its own charism or special character.
Traditionally, nuns are members of enclosed religious orders and take solemn religious vows , while sisters do not live in the papal enclosure and formerly took vows called "simple vows". As monastics , nuns living within an enclosure historically commit to recitation of the full Liturgy of the Hours throughout the day in church, usually in a solemn manner.
They were formerly distinguished within the monastic community as "choir nuns", as opposed to lay sisters who performed upkeep of the monastery or errands outside the cloister. This last task is still often entrusted to women, called "externs", who live in the monastery, but outside the enclosure.
They were usually either oblates or members of the associated Third Order , often wearing a different habit or the standard woman's attire of the period. In general, when a woman enters a religious order or monastery , she first undergoes a period of testing the life for six months to two years called a postulancy.
If she, and the order, determine that she may have a vocation to the life, she receives the habit of the order usually with some modification, normally a white veil instead of black, to distinguish her from professed members and undertakes the novitiate , a period that lasts one to two years of living the life of the religious institute without yet taking vows.
In the branches of the Benedictine tradition, Benedictines, Cistercians , Camaldolese , and Trappists , among others nuns take vows of stability that is, to remain a member of a single monastic community , obedience to an abbess or prioress , and conversion of life which includes poverty and celibacy. In other traditions, such as the Poor Clares the Franciscan Order and the Dominican nuns , they take the threefold vows of poverty , chastity and obedience.
Cloistered nuns Carmelites , for example observe "papal enclosure"  rules, and their nunneries typically have walls separating the nuns from the outside world. The nuns rarely leave except for medical necessity or occasionally for purposes related to their contemplative life though they may receive visitors in specially built parlors, often with either a grille or half-wall separating the nuns from visitors.
They are usually self-sufficient, earning money by selling jams, candies or baked goods by mail order, or by making liturgical items such as vestments, candles, or hosts to be consecrated at Mass for Holy Communion.
They often undertake contemplative ministries — that is, a community of nuns is often associated with prayer for some particular good or supporting the missions of another order by prayer for instance, the Dominican nuns of Corpus Christi Monastery in the Bronx , New York, pray in support of the priests of the Archdiocese of New York.
Yet religious sisters can also perform this form of ministry, e. Paul in their media ministry. A canoness is a nun who corresponds to the male equivalent of canon , usually following the Rule of S. The origin and rules of monastic life are common to both. As with the canons, differences in the observance of rule gave rise to two types: the canoness regular , taking the traditional religious vows, and the secular canoness, who did not take vows and thus remained free to own property and leave to marry, should they choose.
This was primarily a way of leading a pious life for the women of aristocratic families and generally disappeared in the modern age, except for the modern Lutheran convents of Germany. The distinction between abbey and monastery has to do with the terms used by a particular order or by the level of independence of the religious house.
Technically, a convent is any home of a community of sisters — or, indeed, of priests and brothers, though this term is rarely used in the United States. The term "monastery" is often used by The Benedictine family to speak of the buildings and "convent" when referring to the community.
Neither is gender specific. The traditional dress for women in religious communities consists of a tunic , which is tied around the waist with a cloth or leather belt. Over the tunic some nuns wear a scapular which is a garment of long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head. Some Orders — such as the Dominicans — wear a large rosary on their belt.
Benedictine abbesses wear a cross or crucifix on a chain around their neck. After the Second Vatican Council , many religious institutes chose in their own regulations to no longer wear the traditional habit and did away with choosing a religious name.
Catholic Church canon law states: "Religious are to wear the habit of the institute, made according to the norm of proper law, as a sign of their consecration and as a witness of poverty.
In February , clerical abuse of nuns, including sexual slavery , by Catholic priests has been acknowledged by the Pope. Although usage has varied throughout church history, typically "nun" Latin: monialis is used for women who have taken solemn vows, and "sister" Latin: soror is used for women who have taken simple vows. During the first millennium, nearly all religious communities of men and women were dedicated to prayer and contemplation.
These monasteries were built in remote locations or were separated from the world by means of a precinct wall. The mendicant orders , founded in the 13th century, combined a life of prayer and dedication to God with active works of preaching, hearing confessions, and service to the poor, and members of these orders are known as friars rather than monks.
At that time, and into the 17th century, Church custom did not allow women to leave the cloister if they had taken religious vows. Female members of the mendicant orders Dominican , Augustinian and Carmelite nuns and Poor Clares continued to observe the same enclosed life as members of the monastic orders. Originally, the vows taken by profession in any religious institute approved by the Holy See were classified as solemn.
In , two years after the Fourth Lateran Council had forbidden the establishment of new religious institutes, Pope Leo X established a religious Rule with simple vows for those tertiaries attached to existing communities who undertook to live a formal religious life.
In and , Pope Pius V rejected this class of congregation, but they continued to exist and even increased in number. After at first being merely tolerated, they afterwards obtained approval. Their number had increased dramatically in the upheavals brought by the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic invasions of other Catholic countries, depriving thousands of religious of the income that their communities held because of inheritances and forcing them to find a new way of living the religious life.
The Code of Canon Law reserved the term "nun" Latin: monialis for religious women who took solemn vows or who, while being allowed in some places to take simple vows, belonged to institutes whose vows were normally solemn. The same religious order could include both "nuns" and "sisters", if some members took solemn vows and others simple vows.
The new legal code of the Catholic Church which was adopted in , however, remained silent on this matter. Whereas previously the code distinguished between orders and congregations, the code now refers simply to religious institutes.
Since the code of , the Vatican has addressed the renewal of the contemplative life of nuns. It produced the letter Verbi Sponsa in ,  the apostolic constitution Vultum Dei quaerere in , and the instruction Cor Orans in  "which replaced the document Verbi Sponsa and attempted to bring forward the ideas regarding contemplative life born during the Second Vatican Council".
Nuns and sisters played a major role in American religion, education, nursing and social work since the early 19th century. There were very few rich American Catholics , and no aristocrats. Religious orders were founded by entrepreneurial women who saw a need and an opportunity, and were staffed by devout women from poor families. The numbers grew rapidly, from sisters in 15 communities in , 50, in orders in , and , in different orders by Starting in , the sisters always outnumbered the priests and brothers.
Many women left their orders, and few new members were added. Nuns have played an important role in Canada, especially in heavily Catholic Quebec. Outside the home, Canadian women had few domains which they controlled. Stimulated by the influence in France, the popular religiosity of the Counter Reformation , new orders for women began appearing in the seventeenth century.
In the next three centuries women opened dozens of independent religious orders, funded in part by dowries provided by the parents of young nuns. The orders specialized in charitable works, including hospitals, orphanages, homes for unwed mothers , and schools. Prior to women becoming nuns during early modern Spain, aspired nuns underwent a process.
To be considered as a nun, one must have the economic means to afford the convent dowry. Once an aspiring nun has entered the convent and has the economic means to afford the dowry, she undergoes the process of apprenticeship known as the novitiate period.
This would be officially determined by a vote from the choir nuns. In the Eastern Orthodox Church there is no distinction between a monastery for women and one for men. In Greek , Russian , and other Eastern European languages, both domiciles are called "monasteries" and the ascetics who live therein are "monastics".
In English, however, it is acceptable to use the terms "nun" and "convent" for clarity and convenience. Orthodox monastics do not have distinct "orders" as in Western Christianity. Orthodox monks and nuns lead identical spiritual lives. The abbess is the spiritual leader of the convent and her authority is absolute no priest , bishop , or even patriarch can override an abbess within the walls of her monastery.
There has always been spiritual equality between men and women in the Orthodox Church Galatians Abbots and Abbesses rank in authority equal to bishops in many ways and were included in ecumenical councils.