Strep throat is a sore throat caused by bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A streptococcus. Strep throat, however, is a sore throat caused by a specific strain of bacteria. Here are some key points about strep throat. Strep throat may also be referred to as Streptococcal pharyngitis or streptococcal sore throat; it is only ever caused by bacteria. People may also become infected by touching surfaces that an infected person had previously touched, such as a doorknob, kitchen utensils, or bathroom objects.
It is a good idea to stay home from work or school until 24 hours after you have started antibiotics. Symptoms Common Signs and symptoms of strept throat of strep throat in children and adults include: Severe and sudden sore throat without coughing, sneezing, or other cold symptoms. The pain from strep throat can occur suddenly. Essential oil for strep throat. Anyone can get strep throat, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of getting this common infection. To practice good hygiene you should:.
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Treatment and prevention of streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. It's possible for you or your child to have many of these signs and symptoms but not have strep throat. Essential oil for strep throat. Strep throat infection. If your doctor suspects you have strep throat, they may do a rapid sumptoms test in the office. Related Recurring strep throat: When is tonsillectomy useful? Here are 10 ways to help relieve a sore throat. Sore throats caused by other medical conditions usually improve on their syptoms with or without treatment in a few days. We'll explore how they stack up…. Meredith collects data to deliver the best content, services, and personalized digital ads.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat.
- Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat.
- Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy.
Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria group A streptococcus. Strep throat usually needs treatment with antibiotics. Not all sore throats are strep throats. Often, kids have a sore throat because of a virus , which will usually clear up without medical treatment. Kids who do have strep throat might get other symptoms within about 3 days, such as:.
Infections are common during the school year when big groups of kids and teens are in close quarters. The bacteria that cause strep throat tend to hang out in the nose and throat. So normal activities like sneezing, coughing, or shaking hands can easily spread an infection from one person to another.
That's why it's so important to teach kids the importance of hand washing. If your child has a sore throat and other strep throat symptoms, call your doctor. The doctor will likely do a rapid strep test in the office, using a cotton swab to take a sample of the fluids at the back of the throat.
The test only takes about 5 minutes. If it's positive, your child has strep throat. If it's negative, the doctor will send a sample to a lab for a throat culture. Doctors usually prescribe about 10 days of antibiotic medicine to treat strep throat. By the second or third day, other symptoms should start to go away. Even when kids feel better, they should take the antibiotics as prescribed.
This is the best way to kill the harmful bacteria. Otherwise, bacteria can remain in the throat and symptoms can return. Completing all the antibiotics also prevents other health problems that a strep infection can cause, such as rheumatic fever which can cause heart damage , scarlet fever , blood infections, or kidney disease.
Home care can help your child feel better while battling strep throat. Give plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration , such as water or ginger ale, especially if he or she has had a fever. Avoid orange juice, grapefruit juice, lemonade, or other acidic beverages, which can irritate a sore throat.
Warm liquids like soups, sweetened tea, or hot chocolate can be soothing. Talk to your doctor about when your child can return to normal activities.
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Tonsillitis can be caused by various viruses or bacteria. Strep throat symptoms. The cause of strep throat is bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus. However, studies show the following essential oils can be an effective alternative to over-the-counter medications for treating the symptoms of strep throat:. These symptoms, especially coughing, are not common with strep throat. If you or your child has signs or symptoms of strep throat, see your doctor for prompt testing and treatment.
Signs and symptoms of strept throat.
If this happens, the symptoms can return. In addition to antibiotics, there are at-home treatments that can help relieve the symptoms of strep throat.
These remedies include:. Natural remedies such as honey and apple cider vinegar may also help. Here are 12 natural ways to relieve a sore throat. Shop for cool-mist humidifiers. There is no vaccine available that prevents strep throat. If you have strep throat, sneeze or cough into the crook of your elbow or a tissue rather than into your hand. Be sure to wash your hands frequently. Not all sore throats are a result of a strep infection.
Other illnesses can cause a sore throat too. These include:. Sore throats caused by other medical conditions usually improve on their own with or without treatment in a few days. Here are 10 ways to help relieve a sore throat. Find out what to do if your baby has a sore throat. The bacteria that causes strep throat, group A streptococcus , is not the same as group B streptococcus , which is found around the vagina or rectum. While group B streptococcus can be passed to a baby during delivery, it is unrelated to the bacteria that causes strep throat.
If you think you may have strep throat during your pregnancy, see your doctor right away to discuss treatment options. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and will carefully monitor your medications. Essential oils are distilled from the leaves, bark, stems, and flowers of plants. They may help promote healing by killing germs and reducing inflammation. The medical benefits of essential oils are controversial. However, studies show the following essential oils can be an effective alternative to over-the-counter medications for treating the symptoms of strep throat:.
They can be inhaled or diluted with oil and added to a bath. If you have a common cold, you usually have symptoms such as coughing , a runny nose , and hoarseness. These symptoms, especially coughing, are not common with strep throat. When your throat is sore due to a cold, the pain usually develops gradually and disappears in a couple of days. The pain from strep throat can occur suddenly. Colds typically clear up on their own without the need for medical treatment. To prevent complications, like rheumatic fever, antibiotics are usually prescribed to treat strep throat.
It usually affects teenagers and young adults. Just like strep throat, mono symptoms can include a sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph glands. They may need to prescribe a different antibiotic to fight the infection. You should start to feel better within a couple of days after beginning treatment for strep throat. Tonsillitis can be caused by various viruses or bacteria. Strep throat is only caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. At-home strep tests are a way to potentially save yourself a trip to the doctor, but how well do they actually work?
We'll explore how they stack up…. You can still get strep throat without tonsils, but you may be at a lower risk for this infection following a tonsillectomy. Get tips for soothing a sore throat, such as gargling salt water, rucking lozenges, using a humidifier, drinking tea with honey, staying hydrated, and….
Learn about what foods are good to eat and what foods to avoid if you have a sore throat. Find out how long you should stay home if you contract it.
Also get the facts on antibiotic…. Strep throat usually causes throat pain and difficulty swallowing. This photo of strep throat shows inflammation and red spots, caused by the infection. It's possible for you or your child to have many of these signs and symptoms but not have strep throat. The cause of these signs and symptoms could be a viral infection or some other illness.
That's why your doctor generally tests specifically for strep throat. The cause of strep throat is bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus. They can spread through airborne droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth or eyes. Although strep throat isn't dangerous, it can lead to serious complications.
Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk. A possible relationship has been suggested between strep infection and a rare condition called pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with group A streptococci PANDAS.
PANDAS is a term used to describe certain children whose symptoms of neuropsychiatric conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or tic disorders, are worsened by strep infection. This relationship currently remains unproved and controversial. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat infection Strep throat usually causes throat pain and difficulty swallowing. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.
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Strep throat: Causes, diagnosis, and treatments
Worried your sore throat may be strep throat? Doctors can do a quick test to see if a sore throat is strep throat. If so, antibiotics can help you feel better faster and prevent spreading it to others. However, strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by bacteria called group A Streptococcus group A strep. Group A strep live in the nose and throat and can easily spread to other people. It is important to know that all infected people do not have symptoms or seem sick. People who are infected spread the bacteria by coughing or sneezing, which creates small respiratory droplets that contain the bacteria.
Experts do not believe pets or household items, like toys, spread these bacteria. In general, strep throat is a mild infection, but it can be very painful.
Other symptoms may include a headache, stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting — especially in children. A sore throat that starts quickly, pain with swallowing, and fever are some of the common signs and symptoms of strep throat. Anyone can get strep throat, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of getting this common infection.
It is rare in children younger than 3 years old. Adults who are at increased risk for strep throat include:. For example, if someone has strep throat, it often spreads to other people in their household.
Infectious illnesses tend to spread wherever large groups of people gather together. Crowded conditions can increase the risk of getting a group A strep infection.
These settings include:. Only a rapid strep test or throat culture can determine if group A strep is the cause. A doctor cannot tell if someone has strep throat just by looking at his or her throat. A rapid strep test involves swabbing the throat and running a test on the swab. The test quickly shows if group A strep is causing the illness. If the test is positive, doctors can prescribe antibiotics. If the test is negative, but a doctor still suspects strep throat, then the doctor can take a throat culture swab.
A throat culture takes time to see if group A strep bacteria grow from the swab. Culture is important to use in children and teens since they can get rheumatic fever from an untreated strep throat infection.
For adults, it is usually not necessary to do a throat culture following a negative rapid strep test. Adults are generally not at risk of getting rheumatic fever following a strep throat infection. Someone with strep throat should start feeling better in just a day or two after starting antibiotics. Call the doctor if you or your child are not feeling better after taking antibiotics for 48 hours. Doctors treat strep throat with antibiotics. Doctors can use other antibiotics to treat strep throat in people who are allergic to penicillin.
They are less likely to spread the bacteria to others and very unlikely to get complications. If a carrier gets a sore throat illness caused by a virus, the rapid strep test can be positive. In these cases it can be hard to know what is causing the sore throat. If someone keeps getting a sore throat after taking the right antibiotics, they may be a strep carrier and have a viral throat infection. Talk to a doctor if you think you or your child may be a strep carrier.
Complications can occur after a strep throat infection. This can happen if the bacteria spread to other parts of the body. Complications can include:. Having strep throat does not protect someone from getting it again in the future.
While there is no vaccine to prevent strep throat, there are things people can do to protect themselves and others. To practice good hygiene you should:. You should also wash glasses, utensils, and plates after someone who is sick uses them. These items are safe for others to use once washed.
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On This Page. The following symptoms suggest a virus is the cause of the illness instead of strep throat: Cough Runny nose Hoarseness changes in your voice that makes it sound breathy, raspy, or strained Conjunctivitis also called pink eye It usually takes two to five days for someone exposed to group A strep to become ill. Children and Certain Adults Are at Increased Risk Anyone can get strep throat, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of getting this common infection.
These settings include: Schools Daycare centers Military training facilities. Up to 3 in 10 children with a sore throat have strep throat About 1 in 10 adults with a sore throat has strep throat. Top of Page. Wash your hands often to help prevent germs from spreading. Antibiotics Help Prevent Spreading the Infection to Others People with strep throat should stay home from work, school, or daycare until they: No longer have a fever AND Have taken antibiotics for at least 24 hours Take the prescription exactly as the doctor says to.